Ken Shorter, MS, CSP, ARM, TCDS 
[email protected]
Cranes, Forklifts, Earthmoving, and Heavy Equipment Experience

   Early in Mr. Shorter's career, he was trained by an international heavy construction company to plan, inspect, and evaluate equipment operations involving cranes, rigging, earthmoving, trenching, demolition, site clearing, pile driving, and marine work.  Initially, he was involved with hydraulic cranes, boom trucks, conventional crawler cranes, and earthmoving equipment.  Then he worked with tower cranes, forklifts, multi-purpose lifting machines (hydraulic excavators, backhoes, loaders) and paving machines. 
   Mr. Shorter now has over thirty years of experience evaluating these types of operations and advising supervisors how to improve.  For ten years, he tested, evaluated, trained, and approved crane operators for a fleet of cranes and trained supervisors to use cranes and heavy equipment safely.  During that time, he produced a manual of rigging
references and lifting capabilities for the company's fleet of cranes, boom trucks, forklifts, and hydraulic excavators.  The goal was to assist superintendents with lifting equipment selection, planning, set-up, and use.  Later in his career, he spent three years working with the Navy:
  • Evaluating the planning, condition, set-up, and operation of cranes, forklifts, and multi-purpose lifting machines on $1.5 billion of construction and demolition projects,
  • Teaching contractors the US Army Corp of Engineers requirements for critical crane lift and rigging plans,
  • Reviewing, approving, and training others to review complex crane lift and rigging plans,
  • Investigating crane, forklift, multi-purpose lifting machine, and heavy equipment accidents, and
  • Presenting the facts, findings, and key issues at Navy Mishap Review Boards.

   Demolition is an integral part of construction because you often have to remove an old structure to make way for the new.  Mr. Shorter's demolition experience includes highways, bridges, retaining walls, buildings, utility systems, elevated rapid transit track structures, rapid transit stations, and underground transit stations.  In some cases, demolition was performed on high level bridges and in complex situations over railroads, rapid transit systems, or fast moving waterways.  In other cases, the work involved marine structures such as drawbridges, trestles, and piers.  In some situations, entire buildings were demolished.  However, work also involved gutting complete floors of buildings and removing everything other than the steel and concrete structures.  That became complicated when it was done directly above or beside hospital operating rooms, intensive care units, and other vital health care system facilities.  Engineering surveys, shoring, shielding, and complex utility system evaluations were often required to protect workers, motorists, and the general public.

   A wide range of tools are used for demolition.  They might be as simple as sledge hammers, chipping guns, 90 pound breakers, and concrete saws.  However, a large part of Mr. Shorter's work involved hydraulic excavators equipped with hydraulic hammers, shears, and munchers, to reach high structures, break the concrete, shear the steel structure, and munch concrete down to a re-useable size.  Cutting torches were often used for smaller steel and oxy-lances were used for large steel structures such as drawbridges.  

   Demolition work often involved concrete crushing, screening, and stockpiling plants with conveyor belts to move large volumes of material in order to reuse it.
Excavation, Trenching, Underground Utilities, and Confined Space Entry

   Excavation and trenching is a huge part of the construction industry.  Mr. Shorter's background includes mass excavation on the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway that joined two navigable rivers and other large scale excavations for buildings, landfills, and subway stations.  He also has extensive experience in the construction of underground utility systems using excavators, directional drilling, cable plowing, trenchers, trench boxes, and shoring.  

   For twenty years, Mr. Shorter worked with underground utility installation crews to safely install water, storm water, sewer, conduits, and fiber optic cable systems.  This routinely involved working with local One Call systems to locate, mark, uncover, and protect underground utilities from damage.  Various methods such as hand digging, vacuum excavation, and induced signals were regularly used
to locate underground utilities.  Work also involved extensive confined space entry into manholes and vaults and pressure testing pipelines to find leaks.  

   During his career, Mr. Shorter taught crews to comply with various state One Call and Miss Utility laws, perform confined space entry, and trench safely.  That involved soil testing and classification, sloping, benching, shoring, and using trench boxes.  To assist with operational planning for field crews, he produced a book of capabilities, dimensions, and depth ratings for the company’s inventory of trench boxes, manhole boxes, hydraulic shoring, and timber shoring.  

   Mr. Shorter also attended a state underground utility damage prevention board meeting where his presentation showed how relatively common conditions could make it impossible to comply with the exclusion of mechanized equipment from certain zones above and beside a utility.  

   Mr. Shorter routinely served as a consultant to provide safe solutions to difficult excavation and trenching problems using the best practices promoted by Common Ground Alliance.

Fall Protection

   Throughout his thirty plus year career, Mr. Shorter has evaluated fall hazards and provided fall protection solutions using a variety of options.  These have ranged from portable and permanent handrails, warning lines, restraint systems, personal fall arrest systems, and a variety of anchorages with horizontal, vertical, retractable, and adjustable lifelines.  Mr. Shorter was trained by Miller Fall Protection, who is a leading manufacturer of fall protection equipment. For years, he provided fall protection training to contractor craftsmen, supervisors, and managers involved in a wide range of heavy construction projects.  The work often involved pre-cast concrete and steel erection, concrete formwork, roofs, floor decking, shoring, scaffolds, swing scaffolds, demolition, bridge decks, and drilled shafts.

   Recently, Mr. Shorter directed safety for a $1.5 billion construction program for the Navy.  He regularly evaluated fall hazards and consulted with contractors to provide options to comply with the 100% fall protection requirement.

Highway Construction, Paving, and Traffic Control

   Mr. Shorter has extensive highway construction experience ranging from new highway construction projects to old highway widening and rehabilitation.  That involves tree felling, clearing, grubbing, bulk excavation, demolition, crushing, grading, compaction, underground utility systems, asphalt and concrete paving, pavement milling, pile driving, retaining walls, bridges, pre-cast concrete installation, steel erection, poured concrete placement, and traffic control.

   Mr. Shorter's background in traffic control ranges from congested urban streets in major cities to rural roads, a large military installation, and high-speed interstate highways.  He has been trained at all three levels as a Traffic Control Technician, Traffic Control Supervisor, and Traffic Control Design Specialist by the American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA).  After passing the written exam, he submitted documentation of his experience in traffic control to be professionally certified as a Traffic Control Design Specialist (TCDS certification # 38989). Although many people claim to be “certified” in traffic control, many of them have only attended a basic training class.  Mr. Shorter is trained at all three levels, experienced, and professionally certified to design and evaluate temporary traffic control involved in construction and demolition operations, roadway maintenance, utility work, temporary road closures, etc.

Other Operational Experience

  • Aerial Lifts - Boom Lifts and Scissors Lifts
  • Confined Space Entry and Rescue
  • Cranes and Multi-Purpose Lifting Machines
    • Critical crane lift planning and evaluation
    • Rigging
  • Demolition
  • Earthmoving Equipment
    • Backhoes, dozers, scrapers, graders, rollers, trenchers
  • Electrical Systems
    • Lock out/Tag out (LO/TO)
  • Excavation and Trenching
    • Shielding, sloping and shoring
    • Underground utilities - water, sewage, electric
  • Fall Prevention and Protection
  • Fire Prevention, Detection, and Protection
  • Forklifts
    • Free rigging
  • Heavy Equipment
  • Marine - cranes, barges, pile driving, cofferdams
  • Paving - asphalt and concrete
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Pile Driving - timber, steel, concrete
  • Pipeline Instalation and Testing
  • Pre-cast Concrete Erection
  • Public/Pedestrian Safety
  • Roofing
  • Scaffolds - swing, stationary, rolling
  • Shoring
  • Steel Erection
  • Tools
    • Electric, pneumatic, hydraulic, gas, powder actuated
  • Tree Removal and Site Clearing
  • Trucking
  • Tunnels and Shafts
    • Rock and soft soil (Compressed air)
  • Underground Utility Systems
  • Welding and Cutting
  4. Title 13

Agency Experience

Throughout his career, Mr. Shorter worked extensively in the construction and demolition industries focused on applying safety standards from the following regulatory agencies:

State Occupational Safety and Health Programs
US Army Corps of Engineers
US Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC)

Due to the outdated nature and minimal content of many OSHA standards, Mr. Shorter also used the following national consensus standards to stay current with industry advances and best practices in safety:

ANSI - American National Standards Institute

Since 2010, Mr. Shorter has served as the national representative for the American Society of Safety Engineers on the ANSI A10 Accredited Standards Committee on Safety in Construction and Demolition Operations.  This committee is responsible for developing, updating, and approving 40+ ANSI construction and demolition safety standards.  As a technical expert, Mr. Shorter is relied upon to provide advice to advance the safety of operations ranging from demolition to crane operations and multi-employer worksites.  Topics range from construction management, inspection, and training, to fall protection, trenching, confined space entry, scaffolds, shoring, earth moving equipment, and numerous other concerns.  This ANSI committee selects the most important issues and develops standards to guide companies in construction and demolition safety.  ANSI standards are developed through the industry consensus process and are therfore recognized as the standard of care in construction and demolition safety.  Mr. Shorter takes great pride in his professional service to ANSI, the American Society of Safety Engineers, construction workers, companies, government agencies, and the general public.

ASME – American Society of Mechanical Engineers

AWWA – American Water Works Association
Pipeline safety